Kop

Kop

Kop

Kop é um termo sul-africano para uma colina. Vem do Afrikaner para “cabeça”. É mais frequentemente usado para descrever as colinas achatadas encontradas no Estado Livre de Orange ou no Transvaal, mas também é encontrado em outros lugares e pode se referir a outros tipos de colinas. Kopje se refere a pequenas colinas. No início da Guerra dos Bôeres, os Bôeres acreditavam que os lados íngremes Kops eram posições defensivas ideais, mas na verdade seus lados íngremes trabalharam contra as tropas no topo, fornecendo cobertura para o avanço dos soldados. Batalhas como Lombard's Kop ou Spion Kop na verdade ocorreram no topo plano das colinas, enquanto os bôeres logo perceberam que seus rifles modernos eram mais usados ​​em terreno plano, como em Magersfontein.


Kop - História

A história dos Cavaleiros de Pítias (KOP). Ligue-nos para mais informações

Adotado pela Loja Suprema, Cavaleiros de Pítias em 14 de outubro de 1958

Pythian Knighthood teve sua concepção na exemplificação do teste de vida da verdadeira amizade existente
entre Damon e Pythias.

Amizade, ou confiança mútua, sendo o mais forte vínculo de união entre homem e homem, e apenas
existir onde a honra tem um lugar permanente, é adotado como um princípio fundamental.

Como o cavaleiro ideal dos tempos antigos foi a personificação de todos os atributos superiores e mais nobres do homem
natureza, o candidato ao título de cavaleiro tinha que se provar digno de aceitação por aqueles que valorizavam
amizade, bravura, honra, justiça e lealdade.

A Ordem dos Cavaleiros de Pítias - fundada na Amizade, Caridade e Benevolência, que proclama como
seus princípios fundamentais - se esforça para reunir em uma poderosa fraternidade homens dignos que apreciam o verdadeiro
significado da amizade que são cautelosos em palavras e atos, que amam a verdade, que são corajosos em defender o que é certo
cuja honra está imaculada, cujo senso de justiça impedirá, o melhor de sua capacidade, uma
ato ou palavra injuriosa para o digno cuja lealdade aos princípios, à família, aos amigos, ao seu país e
à autoridade constituída sob a qual gozam de cidadania é indiscutível e que, em todos os momentos, são
preparado para fazer aos outros o que eles gostariam que os outros fizessem a eles.

Os Cavaleiros de Pítias são dedicados à causa da paz universal e estão empenhados em promover o entendimento entre os homens de boa vontade como o meio mais seguro de alcançá-lo.


O que Kop registros de família você vai encontrar?

Existem 1.000 registros de censo disponíveis para o sobrenome Kop. Como uma janela para sua vida cotidiana, os registros do censo Kop podem dizer onde e como seus ancestrais trabalharam, seu nível de educação, status de veterano e muito mais.

Existem 1.000 registros de imigração disponíveis para o sobrenome Kop. As listas de passageiros são o seu bilhete para saber quando seus ancestrais chegaram aos EUA e como eles fizeram a viagem - do nome do navio aos portos de chegada e partida.

Existem 1.000 registros militares disponíveis para o sobrenome Kop. Para os veteranos entre seus ancestrais Kop, as coleções militares fornecem informações sobre onde e quando serviram, e até mesmo descrições físicas.

Existem 1.000 registros de censo disponíveis para o sobrenome Kop. Como uma janela para sua vida cotidiana, os registros do censo Kop podem dizer onde e como seus ancestrais trabalharam, seu nível de educação, status de veterano e muito mais.

Existem 1.000 registros de imigração disponíveis para o sobrenome Kop. As listas de passageiros são o seu bilhete para saber quando seus ancestrais chegaram aos EUA e como eles fizeram a viagem - do nome do navio aos portos de chegada e partida.

Existem 1.000 registros militares disponíveis para o sobrenome Kop. Para os veteranos entre seus ancestrais Kop, as coleções militares fornecem informações sobre onde e quando serviram, e até mesmo descrições físicas.


The Kingsbury Ordnance Plant


O trabalho na Fábrica de Artilharia de Kingsbury era sujo, difícil e perigoso, e os funcionários afro-americanos eram constantemente designados para as tarefas mais perigosas.

Os terrenos da antiga Fábrica de Artilharia de Kingsbury têm desfrutado de uma nova vida como a Área de Peixes e Vida Selvagem de Kingsbury desde 1965.

Em 1940, quando os Estados Unidos se mobilizaram para a guerra, as autoridades federais do Departamento de Guerra identificaram Kingsbury, uma pequena cidade no norte de Indiana, como um local privilegiado para a fabricação de munições.

A região ficava longe o suficiente para escapar de um ataque inimigo, mas bem posicionada para distribuir mercadorias nas costas leste e oeste. Se um trágico erro de fábrica terminasse em uma explosão devastadora, a área era escassamente povoada e insignificante para a infraestrutura do país.

O condado de LaPorte era particularmente bem situado: o terreno plano e plano era cruzado por várias linhas ferroviárias importantes de cross-country e uma rede de estradas estaduais e municipais, e oferecia poço e água de rio adequados. A fábrica de Kingsbury foi construída em um terreno de 20 milhas quadradas entre 1940 e 1941 para ser uma das maiores fábricas de carregamento de granadas do país.

Trabalhar em uma operação tão enorme em uma área rural revelou-se um desafio formidável. A fábrica buscava inicialmente 10.000 trabalhadores, e a população inteira de LaPorte era de apenas 16.000 em 1940. Para acomodar o influxo de mão de obra, o Departamento de Guerra construiu uma nova cidade do lado de fora dos portões da fábrica. Kingsford Heights consistia em mais de 2.600 dormitórios, trailers e casas pré-fabricadas. Todd & Brown, a empresa contratada para construir a fábrica, também financiou reparos em casas existentes em LaPorte e incentivou os residentes da área a alugar quartos extras para os trabalhadores de Kingsbury.

Por meio do Serviço de Emprego dos Estados Unidos e sindicatos locais, a fábrica recrutou em vilas e cidades a até 80 quilômetros de distância, incluindo Gary, onde os empregadores enfrentaram uma nova competição com os altos salários de Kingsbury. Mary Kay Maisel, residente de Gary, que trabalhou na U.S. Steel como secretária enquanto seu marido servia no exterior, lembrou que “Todos os meus amigos estavam indo para a fábrica de munições em LaPorte, então eu fui com eles”.

O trabalho em Kingsbury era sujo, difícil e perigoso, e os funcionários afro-americanos eram constantemente designados para as tarefas mais perigosas. Em 1942, Esther Sanders, de 21 anos, foi contratada em Kingsbury para pesar pólvora para balas. Ela se lembrou de que, enquanto trabalhava, podia ouvir outros funcionários testando as balas do lado de fora, um som que a deixou com os nervos em frangalhos. Ela também falou com simpatia de um colega de trabalho cujas queimaduras de pó inicialmente não tratadas exigiam medicação para a dor para toda a vida.

A linha de montagem automatizada de Kingsbury forçou os trabalhadores a permanecerem alertas e produtivos, apesar das tarefas que podem ser fisicamente cansativas, repetitivas, ou ambas as linhas de montagem estavam mal iluminadas e muitos dos materiais tiveram que ser rapidamente montados com pinças. Todos os trabalhadores tinham que usar roupas de proteção e tomar banho antes de sair, pois um componente químico tornava qualquer cabelo ou pele exposta laranja. Além disso, como os trabalhadores rotineiramente manuseavam pós explosivos, eles seguiam regras rígidas sobre onde e quando podiam fumar.

O projeto da planta refletia o potencial de desastre - quatro edifícios separados estavam parcialmente subterrâneos de modo que, se um explodisse, a integridade estrutural dos outros não seria comprometida. A pressão de produzir para a guerra apenas agravou os perigos físicos que eram endêmicos ao trabalho de artilharia.

Felizmente para os trabalhadores de Kingsbury, a fábrica suportou seus quatro anos de existência sem nenhum acidente grave. Em agosto de 1945, a guerra terminou e o Kingsbury Ordnance Plant iniciou o processo de desligamento.

Fonte: Katherine Turk, “Black Women, War Work, and Rights Claims at the Kingsbury Ordnance Plant,” Revista Indiana de História 110 (setembro de 2012).

Um momento da história de Indiana é uma produção da Rádio Pública WFIU em parceria com as Estações de Radiodifusão Pública de Indiana. O apoio à pesquisa vem da Indiana Magazine of History publicada pelo Departamento de História da Universidade de Indiana.


Como o Rei da Prússia recebeu seu nome?

& # 8230 A pousada pré-revolucionária, localizada no cruzamento hoje conhecido como Route 202 e Gulph Road, deu seu nome ao Rei da Prússia em 1851. Ela serviu como local de votação da comunidade até meados do século XX. A antiga pousada desempenhou um grande papel na vida da comunidade desde seus primeiros dias. Ele serviu como um local de descanso e relaxamento por muitos anos antes da Revolução Americana, bem como durante a Revolução.

Na primeira parte do século passado funcionou como restaurante, fechando definitivamente as suas portas em 1952, quando a nova Rota 202 cortou firmemente todos os acessos à sua hospitalidade.

A destruição ameaçou a pousada naquele ano e ela estava prestes a cair para as escavadeiras. De acordo com a história contada à Sra. Peters, um pequeno bando de cidadãos locais confrontou as máquinas de demolição e as deteve imediatamente. E assim, a pousada repousa um tanto desconfortavelmente em sua pequena ilha cercada por um fosso de tráfego em alta velocidade.

O velho Inn era conhecido por seu bom humor muito antes de o general George Washington e seu exército acamparem em Valley Forge em 177-78. Embora os primeiros registros no tribunal de Norristown mostrem sua data como 1718, acredita-se que tenha sido construído por volta de 1709. Recebeu o nome de seu proprietário, um nativo da Prússia, em homenagem a Frederico I, que tinha, há pouco tempo antes, estabelecendo-se como o Rei da Prússia.

Para aqueles que duvidam que existiu o chamado & # 8220King & # 8221, o descendente direto do original Frederico I, Rei da Prússia, é Louis Ferdinand, Príncipe da Prússia, que visitou o Dr. Robert May de King of Prussia Road em 1959 .

Como em todas as pousadas e tavernas do período colonial, uma placa foi pendurada do lado de fora com a imagem de um rei a cavalo. Este sinal rangente foi lembrado por muito tempo pelos residentes do Grande Vale e muitas lendas a respeito dele foram transmitidas de geração em geração. Está bem estabelecido que o sinal original está em posse da Sociedade Histórica do Rei da Prússia.

A pousada foi remodelada e ampliada em 1769 por Daniel Thompson, um quaker livre que, por causa de sua devoção à causa americana, lutou durante os oito anos da Guerra Revolucionária.

Registros confiáveis ​​colocam & # 8220old Herman de Vriest & # 8221 como proprietário da pousada durante a Revolução, e particularmente durante o acampamento em Valley Forge. Ele foi anfitrião de soldados americanos e britânicos e muitas intrigas e tramas foram tramadas dentro das paredes da velha pousada.

A pousada foi um local de votação e centro de debate da atualidade, fornecendo comida, bebida e conforto para o viajante cansado por mais de 200 anos.

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ATUALIZAÇÃO: Infelizmente, conforme relatado acima, a placa original do Inn não está em posse da Sociedade Histórica do Rei da Prússia. Ele está localizado hoje dentro do Inn original realocado em Bill Smith Boulevard e nas mãos da Câmara de Comércio do Condado de Montgomery.


Conteúdo

O nome Anfield vem da antiga terra da cidade de "Annefield", nos arredores de New Ross, no condado de Wexford, na Irlanda. [9] [10] Inaugurado em 1884, Anfield foi originalmente propriedade de John Orrell, um pequeno proprietário de terras amigo de Everton F.C. membro John Houlding. [11] Everton, que tocou anteriormente em Priory Road, precisava de um novo local devido ao barulho produzido pela multidão nos dias de jogos. [12] Orrell emprestou o campo ao clube em troca de um pequeno aluguel. A primeira partida no terreno foi entre Everton e Earlestown em 28 de setembro de 1884, na qual o Everton venceu por 5-0. [13] Durante o mandato de Everton no estádio, arquibancadas foram erguidas para alguns dos mais de 8.000 espectadores que assistiam regularmente aos jogos, embora o terreno fosse capaz de comportar cerca de 20.000 espectadores e ocasionalmente o fazia. O campo era considerado de padrão internacional na época, recebendo a partida do British Home Championship entre Inglaterra e Irlanda em 1889. A primeira partida de Anfield na liga foi disputada em 8 de setembro de 1888, entre Everton e Accrington F.C. O Everton melhorou rapidamente como equipe e se tornou o primeiro campeão da liga de Anfield na temporada de 1890-91. [14]

Em 1892, as negociações para comprar o terreno em Anfield de Orrell se transformaram em uma disputa entre Houlding e o Everton F.C. comissão sobre como o clube foi administrado. Os eventos culminaram com a mudança de Everton para Goodison Park. [12] Houlding ficou com o estádio vazio e decidiu formar um novo clube para ocupá-lo. A nova equipe foi chamada de Liverpool F.C. e Athletic Grounds Ltd, e a primeira partida do clube em Anfield foi um amistoso disputado para 200 pessoas em 1º de setembro de 1892, contra o Rotherham Town. O Liverpool venceu por 7-1. [15]

A primeira partida do Liverpool na Liga de Futebol em Anfield foi disputada em 9 de setembro de 1893, contra o Lincoln City. O Liverpool venceu por 4-0 na frente de 5.000 espectadores. [16] Uma nova arquibancada com capacidade para 3.000 espectadores foi construída em 1895 no local da atual arquibancada principal. Projetado pelo arquiteto Archibald Leitch, [17] a arquibancada tinha uma empena vermelha e branca distinta e era semelhante à arquibancada principal do St James 'Park, do Newcastle United. [15] Outro estande foi construído no final da Anfield Road em 1903, construído com madeira e ferro corrugado. Depois que o Liverpool ganhou seu segundo campeonato da Liga em 1906, um novo estande foi construído ao longo da Walton Breck Road. O jornalista local Ernest Edwards, que foi editor de esportes dos jornais Liverpool Daily Post e Eco, chamou-lhe Spion Kop foi batizado em homenagem a uma famosa colina na África do Sul, onde um regimento local sofreu pesadas perdas durante a Guerra dos Bôeres em 1900. Mais de 300 homens morreram, muitos deles de Liverpool, enquanto o exército britânico tentava capturar o topo da colina estratégica. Por volta do mesmo período, um estande também foi construído ao longo da Kemlyn Road. [18]

O terreno permaneceu praticamente o mesmo até 1928, quando o Kop foi redesenhado e ampliado para acomodar 30.000 espectadores, todos de pé. Um telhado também foi erguido. [19] Muitos estádios na Inglaterra tinham arquibancadas com o nome de Spion Kop. O Anfield's era o maior Kop do país na época - era capaz de receber mais torcedores do que alguns estádios de futebol inteiros. [20] No mesmo ano, o mastro superior da SS Great Eastern, um dos primeiros navios de ferro, foi resgatado do estaleiro de quebra de navios nas proximidades de Rock Ferry, e foi rebocado Everton Valley por uma parelha de cavalos, para ser erguido ao lado do novo Kop. Ele ainda está lá, servindo como um mastro de bandeira. [18]

Os holofotes foram instalados a um custo de £ 12.000 em 1957. Em 30 de outubro, eles foram ligados pela primeira vez para uma partida contra o Everton para comemorar o aniversário de 75 anos da Liverpool County Football Association. [20] Em 1963, a antiga arquibancada da Kemlyn Road foi substituída por uma arquibancada em balanço, construída a um custo de £ 350.000, acomodando 6.700 espectadores. [21] Dois anos depois, alterações foram feitas no final da Anfield Road, transformando-a em uma área maior coberta com lanches sob a estrutura. A maior remodelação ocorreu em 1973, quando a antiga arquibancada principal foi parcialmente demolida e estendida para trás com um novo telhado. Simultaneamente, os holofotes do pilar de concreto foram demolidos com novas luzes instaladas ao longo das linhas do telhado da Kemlyn Road e das arquibancadas principais. A nova arquibancada foi inaugurada oficialmente pelo duque de Kent em 10 de março de 1973. [21] Na década de 1980, o paddock em frente à arquibancada principal foi transformado em assentos e, em 1982, foram introduzidos assentos no final da Anfield Road. Os Shankly Gates foram erguidos em 1982, uma homenagem ao ex-empresário Bill Shankly, sua viúva Nessie, os destrancou pela primeira vez em 26 de agosto de 1982. [18] Across the Shankly Gates estão as palavras Você nunca andará sozinho, o título do hit de Gerry e os Pacemakers adotado pelos torcedores do Liverpool como o hino do clube durante a gestão de Shankly. [22]

Assentos coloridos e uma sala de polícia foram adicionados ao estande da Kemlyn Road em 1987. Após o desastre de Hillsborough em 1989, quando a má gestão da polícia levou à superlotação e à morte de 96 torcedores do Liverpool, o Relatório Taylor recomendou que todos os terrenos do país deveriam ser convertidos em terreno para todos os lugares em maio de 1994. [23] Um segundo nível foi adicionado ao estande da Kemlyn Road em 1992, transformando-o em um layout de dois andares. Incluía camarotes executivos e suítes funcionais, bem como 11.000 lugares para sentar. Planos para expandir o estande foram feitos anteriormente, com o clube comprando casas em Kemlyn Road durante os anos 1970 e 1980, mas teve que ser suspenso até 1990 porque duas irmãs, [24] Joan e Nora Mason, se recusaram a vender sua casa. Quando o clube chegou a um acordo com as irmãs em 1990, os planos de expansão foram colocados em prática. [25] O estande - rebatizado de Estande do Centenário - foi inaugurado oficialmente em 1 de setembro de 1992 pelo presidente da UEFA, Lennart Johansson. O Kop foi reconstruído em 1994 após as recomendações do Relatório Taylor e tornou-se totalmente instalado, ainda é um único nível, e a capacidade foi significativamente reduzida para 12.390. [20]

Em 4 de dezembro de 1997, uma estátua de bronze de Bill Shankly foi inaugurada no centro dos visitantes em frente ao Kop. Com mais de 2,4 m de altura, a estátua retrata Shankly com um lenço de fã ao redor do pescoço, em uma pose familiar que ele adotou ao receber aplausos dos fãs. Inscritas na estátua estão as palavras "Bill Shankly - Ele fez o povo feliz". [26] O memorial de Hillsborough estava situado ao lado de Shankly Gates antes de ser movido para a 96 Avenue em frente à arquibancada principal remodelada em 2016. [27] O memorial é sempre decorado com flores e homenagens às 96 pessoas que morreram em 1989 como resultado do desastre. No centro do memorial está uma chama eterna, significando que aqueles que morreram nunca serão esquecidos. [27]

Em 1998, foi inaugurada uma nova extremidade da Estrada Anfield de dois níveis. O estande encontrou uma série de problemas desde sua reconstrução no início da temporada de 1999–2000, uma série de postes de suporte e pilares tiveram que ser trazidos para dar estabilidade extra à camada superior do estande. Durante a partida de depoimento de Ronnie Moran contra o Celtic, muitos fãs reclamaram da movimentação da primeira divisão. Paralelamente à colocação dos pilares, a área de assentos executivos foi ampliada em duas filas na arquibancada principal, diminuindo a capacidade do paddock. [28]

Em 30 de janeiro de 2020, uma estátua de bronze de Bob Paisley foi inaugurada fora da arquibancada principal na Praça Paisley. A estátua foi encomendada e doada pelo principal patrocinador do clube, o Standard Chartered, para comemorar o aniversário de 10 anos de relacionamento com o clube. [29] A estátua tem 2,4 m de altura e retrata uma imagem icônica da história do clube, Paisley carregando o futuro capitão do clube Emlyn Hughes para fora do campo durante uma partida contra o Tottenham Hotspur em Anfield em abril de 1968. [30]

O Anfield compreende 54.074 assentos divididos entre quatro arquibancadas: o final da Anfield Road, o Sir Kenny Dalglish Stand, o Kop e o Main Stand. O final da Anfield Road e o Estande Sir Kenny Dalglish têm dois níveis, enquanto o Kop tem um único nível e o Estande Principal, três. [31] A entrada no estádio é obtida por cartões inteligentes de identificação por radiofrequência (RFID), em vez da tradicional catraca tripulada. Este sistema, usado em todas as 80 catracas ao redor de Anfield, foi introduzido em 2005. [32]

Os planos para substituir Anfield por um novo estádio com capacidade para 60.000 pessoas no adjacente Stanley Park foram iniciados em 2002. [33] Os planos foram revisados ​​sob a propriedade de Tom Hicks e George Gillett. [34] Após a aquisição do Liverpool F.C. pelo Fenway Sports Group em 2010, os proprietários abandonaram o novo estádio proposto em Stanley Park, preferindo reconstruir e expandir Anfield, [35] assim ecoando sua decisão de renovar o Fenway Park. O Kop é um grande estande de uma única camada. Originalmente um grande banco com terraço fornecendo acomodação para mais de 30.000 espectadores, a encarnação atual foi construída em 1994-95 e tem uma camada sem camarotes executivos. O Kop abriga o museu do clube, o centro Reducate e a loja oficial do clube. [36] O Kop é o estande mais conhecido em Anfield entre os torcedores locais e estrangeiros, com as pessoas que ocupam o estande são chamadas de kopites. Tamanha era a reputação que a arquibancada tinha que foi afirmado que a multidão no Kop poderia chupar a bola para o gol. [37] Tradicionalmente, os apoiadores mais expressivos do Liverpool se reúnem nesta posição. [38]

O estande mais antigo em Anfield é o estande principal, levando 76 anos para ser concluído. O estande foi concluído em 2016, porém a seção inferior data de 1906. A camada inferior do estande abriga o camarote dos diretores. O camarote VIP dos diretores está localizado na parte traseira da camada inferior do estande. O antigo grande telhado era sustentado por duas finas colunas centrais, com um grande pórtico suspenso para câmera de televisão que se moveu para a frente do terceiro nível. [39] O túnel dos jogadores e a área técnica onde os dirigentes e substitutos se sentam durante a partida estão no meio da arquibancada no nível do campo. Acima das escadas que desciam para o campo estava pendurada uma placa dizendo "ISTO É ANFIELD". O objetivo era intimidar o adversário e dar boa sorte aos jogadores do Liverpool que o tocassem. Conseqüentemente, os jogadores e a equipe técnica do Liverpool tradicionalmente estendem a mão e colocam uma ou ambas as mãos sobre ele ao passarem por baixo. [40]

A placa foi temporariamente removida durante a reconstrução mais recente da arquibancada principal, ela foi colocada na saída do novo túnel da arquibancada principal para o campo antes da estreia do Liverpool em casa em 2016–17. [41] O atual técnico do Liverpool, Jürgen Klopp, proibiu os jogadores de tocar na placa restaurada até que o time ganhasse pelo menos um troféu importante. [42] Depois de vencer a final da Liga dos Campeões da UEFA de 2019, os jogadores agora têm permissão para fazê-lo novamente. [43] Elogiando o impacto que a atmosfera de Anfield tem sobre a equipe da casa e o efeito que tem sobre a equipe visitante, o gerente da oposição Pep Guardiola afirma: “O lema‘ This is Anfield ’não é marketing. Há algo nele que você não encontrará em nenhum outro estádio do mundo ”. [44] Após a segunda mão das semifinais da Liga dos Campeões de 2005 em Anfield, que o Liverpool venceu por 1–0, o técnico do Chelsea derrotado, José Mourinho, reconheceu o papel que os torcedores do Liverpool desempenharam na partida: "Senti o poder de Anfield, foi magnífico." [45]

O estande Sir Kenny Dalglish é um estande de dois níveis. Originalmente um estande de uma única camada chamado Kemlyn Road Stand, o segundo nível foi adicionado em 1992 para coincidir com o centenário do clube. [46] Situa-se em frente ao Stand Principal e abriga camarotes dos diretores, que ficam entre as duas camadas. O estande também abriga a delegacia de polícia do terreno. [31] Em 3 de maio de 2017, o Liverpool anunciou que o Estande do Centenário seria renomeado para Estande Kenny Dalglish em homenagem ao maior servo do clube, o ex-jogador e gerente Kenny Dalglish. [47]

A arquibancada da Anfield Road, no lado esquerdo da arquibancada principal, abriga os torcedores visitantes durante as partidas. O Anfield Road End foi reconstruído em 1965, e assentos multicoloridos foram adicionados em 1982. Originalmente um estande de uma única camada, uma nova reforma, que foi concluída em 1998, deu ao estande um segundo nível com assentos adicionais. [46]

Há 59 vagas disponíveis no estádio para acomodar cadeirantes com ingressos para a temporada, outras 33 vagas estão disponíveis para venda geral e 8 são destinadas a torcedores visitantes. Esses espaços estão localizados no Stand Principal, no Anfield Road Stand e no The Kop. São 38 vagas para deficientes visuais, que ficam na área do antigo paddock do Estande Principal, com espaço para um assistente pessoal cada. Um fone de ouvido com comentários completos é fornecido. [48]

O estádio homenageia dois dos mais bem-sucedidos dirigentes do clube. O Paisley Gateway é uma homenagem a Bob Paisley, que levou o Liverpool a três Copas da Europa e seis Campeonatos da Liga nas décadas de 1970 e 1980. Os portões foram erguidos no Kop e seu desenho inclui representações das três Copas Européias que Paisley ganhou durante seu mandato, o brasão de sua cidade natal em Hetton-le-Hole e o brasão de Liverpool F.C. [49] Os Shankly Gates, em homenagem a Bill Shankly, predecessor de Paisley entre 1959 e 1974, estão no final da Anfield Road. Seu design inclui uma bandeira escocesa, um cardo escocês, o emblema do Liverpool e as palavras "Você nunca vai andar sozinho". [50]

Planos de novos estádios abandonados Editar

Os planos para substituir Anfield foram originalmente iniciados por Liverpool F.C. em maio de 2002. [51] A capacidade proposta era de 55.000, mas mais tarde foi alterada para 61.000, com 1.000 lugares dados para segregação entre os fãs locais e visitantes. Várias tentativas foram feitas entre 2003 e 2007 pela Câmara Municipal de Liverpool para instigar uma divisão do terreno do estádio proposto com os rivais locais Everton, mas esta medida foi rejeitada, pois nenhum dos clubes era favorável. [52] Em 30 de julho de 2004, o Liverpool recebeu permissão de planejamento para construir um novo estádio a 300 jardas (270 m) de distância de Anfield em Stanley Park. [53] Em 8 de setembro de 2006, a Câmara Municipal de Liverpool concordou em conceder Liverpool F.C. um arrendamento de 999 anos da terra no local proposto. [54]

Após a aquisição do Liverpool F.C. em 6 de fevereiro de 2007 por George Gillett e Tom Hicks, o estádio proposto foi redesenhado. Em novembro de 2007, o layout redesenhado foi aprovado pelo conselho, e a construção deveria começar no início de 2008. [55] O novo estádio, provisoriamente chamado Stanley Park Stadium, seria construído pela HKS, Inc .. Estava programado para abrir em agosto de 2011 com capacidade para 60.000. [56] Se o novo estádio tivesse sido construído, Anfield teria sido demolido. O terreno teria se tornado a peça central do empreendimento Anfield Plaza, que incluiria um hotel, restaurantes e escritórios. [57] No entanto, a construção do Stanley Park foi adiada após a crise econômica de 2008 e a recessão subsequente, que afetou diretamente os então proprietários americanos. A situação piorou porque o clube foi comprado com dinheiro emprestado, não com o capital dos proprietários, e as taxas de juros estavam acima do esperado. [58] Hicks e Gillett prometeram começar a trabalhar no estádio dentro de 60 dias após a aquisição do clube, mas tiveram problemas para financiar os estimados £ 500 milhões necessários para o desenvolvimento do Stanley Park. O prazo expirou e o plano acabou sendo cancelado pelo Fenway Sports Group, que preferia redesenhar o Anfield. [59]

Edição de redesenvolvimento de Anfield

A aquisição do Liverpool F.C. pelo Fenway Sports Group em outubro de 2010 questionou se o Liverpool deixaria Anfield. Em fevereiro de 2011, o novo dono do clube, John W. Henry, afirmou que tinha preferência por ficar em Anfield e expandir a capacidade. Depois de assistir a uma série de jogos em Anfield, Henry afirmou que "o Kop é incomparável", acrescentando que "seria difícil reproduzir essa sensação em qualquer outro lugar". [59] Em 15 de outubro de 2012, a Câmara Municipal de Liverpool anunciou planos para regenerar a área de Anfield depois de garantir um subsídio de £ 25 milhões, com uma associação habitacional também definida para investir. [60] [61]

Em 23 de agosto de 2013, Anfield foi listado como um Ativo de Valor Comunitário pela Câmara Municipal de Liverpool. [62] Em 11 de setembro, o atual proprietário, John W. Henry, anunciou que tinha os fundos para pagar a expansão, mas estão esperando que a Câmara Municipal finalize a compra de casas na área antes de se comprometerem com os planos de expansão do Meno Stand e o fim do terreno da Anfield Road. [63] Em abril de 2014, Liverpool F.C. assinou um acordo legal com o Liverpool City Council e o Your Housing Group para reconstruir a área circundante de Anfield. Isso foi visto como um passo significativo para a renovação do estádio. A reforma foi avaliada em torno de £ 260 milhões. [64]

Fase um (2015–16): Edição de redesenvolvimento do estande principal

Em 23 de abril de 2014, Liverpool F.C. revelou planos para uma expansão do estande principal, que envolveu a adição de um novo terceiro nível, novas instalações para a jornada e instalações corporativas aprimoradas. O novo estande acrescentaria 8.500 lugares e elevaria a capacidade do estádio para 54.742. [65] [66] O trabalho começou em 8 de dezembro de 2014, com o objetivo do clube para que a nova arquibancada estivesse pronta para o jogo e operacional para o início da temporada 2016–17. O trabalho foi realizado por Carillion. A estrutura do novo estande foi construída exclusivamente em torno do estande principal existente para permitir que o estande existente continue a ser usado em plena capacidade operacional durante a temporada 2015–16. [67] A demolição do estande existente ocorreu no verão de 2016, permitindo a construção das camadas inferiores do novo estande durante o período de entressafra. Composto por 1,8 milhões de tijolos e blocos e mais de 5.000 toneladas de aço, o estande foi inaugurado no dia 9 de setembro de 2016 para o primeiro jogo em casa da temporada 2016–17, uma vitória por 4–1 sobre o Leicester City. Outros trabalhos de construção interna, incluindo novos vestiários e instalações de mídia, continuaram até abril de 2017. [68] [69]

Melhorias na superloja do novo clube e na experiência da jornada (2016–17) Editar

Em maio de 2016, a permissão de planejamento de esboço foi concedida pelo conselho de Liverpool para a construção de um novo desenvolvimento de superloja club de 1.800 m², situado na Walton Breck Road, na esquina da Kop e do novo stand principal. A construção começou em dezembro de 2016, com a inauguração da loja no início da temporada 2017–18. [70] O espaço entre a nova loja e o estádio foi desenvolvido em uma "fan zone", com novos pontos de alimentação e entretenimento pré-jogo. [71]

Fase dois proposta: Edição de redesenvolvimento do fim da estrada de Anfield

A segunda fase do redesenvolvimento de Anfield é reconstruir o stand da Anfield Road. O clube recebeu permissão de planejamento de esboço inicial em 2014 para a reforma, com assentos a serem aumentados em 4.825, dando a Anfield uma capacidade total de 58.000. [72] No entanto, em agosto de 2019, Liverpool permitiu que a permissão de planejamento associada aos projetos originais de 2014 caducasse, confirmando sua intenção de apresentar "novos planos ambiciosos" para o redesenvolvimento de Anfield Road End que se acredita aumentar a capacidade ainda mais para levar o capacidade total de Anfield para confortavelmente acima de 60.000. [73] O redesenvolvimento se concentrará na camada superior do estande, com a camada inferior permanecendo inalterada. As obras serão concluídas atrás do estande existente e, de acordo com os planos atuais, serão conectadas ao nível inferior na entressafra em 2022. Portanto, a capacidade da Anfield não deverá ser afetada ao longo da duração das obras. [74]

O clube passou a segunda metade de 2019 finalizando planos e consultando residentes locais, funcionários de planejamento e outras partes interessadas com o objetivo de submeter os novos planos para aprovação no início de 2020. [75] [76] No entanto, em março de 2020, Liverpool atrasou a apresentação de um planejamento aplicação para o projeto à luz da incerteza financeira causada pela pandemia COVID-19. [77] [78] Em dezembro de 2020, Liverpool anunciou que seguiria em frente com o projeto, enviando o pedido de planejamento final para o redesenvolvimento, com o atraso adiando a data de conclusão inicial para o redesenvolvimento da Fase Dois do verão de 2022 para o verão de 2023 com a maior brevidade. [78] [79] Os planos apresentados são estimados em £ 60 milhões e acrescentariam cerca de 7.000 assentos à Anfield Road End, aumentando a capacidade do terreno para "mais de 61.000". [79]

Anfield has hosted numerous international matches, and was one of the venues used during UEFA Euro 1996 the ground hosted three group games and a quarter-final. [80] The first international match hosted at Anfield was between England and Ireland, in 1889. England won the match 6–1. Anfield was also the home venue for several of England's international football matches in the early 1900s, and for the Welsh national team in the later part of that century. [81] [82] Anfield has also played host to five FA Cup semi-finals, the last of which was in 1929. [81] The most recent international to be hosted at Anfield was England's 2–1 victory over Uruguay on 1 March 2006. [83] England has played two testimonial matches against Liverpool at Anfield. The first was in 1983, when England faced Liverpool for Phil Thompson's testimonial. Then, in 1988, England visited again for Alan Hansen's testimonial. [84] Liverpool's arch rival Manchester United played their first home game of the 1971–72 season at Anfield as they were banned from playing their first two home league matches at Old Trafford after an incident of hooliganism. United beat Arsenal 3–1. [85]

In November 2019, Anfield hosted a Women's Super League fixture for the first time, with the 6th matchday of the 2019–20 season featuring a derby between Liverpool FC Women and local rivals Everton FC Women. [86]

The stadium has hosted five rugby league matches: the 1989 Charity Shield between Widnes and Wigan [87] the 1991 World Club Challenge between Wigan, winners of the RFL Championship, and Penrith Panthers, winners of the Australian NSWRL Premiership, with an attendance of 20,152 [88] a 1997 St. Helens Super League home game against Castleford Tigers, with an attendance of 12,329 [88] and the 2016 Rugby League Four Nations Final, in front of 40,042 people. [88]

Anfield was chosen as the venue for the 2019 Magic Weekend after two test matches were played there in 2016 and 2018. After previously choosing games that were local derbies or competitive games, in 2019 the fixtures were determined by the previous seasons league position. Robert Elstone, Super League Chief Executive, said “On behalf of the Super League clubs, we’re delighted to be taking the Dacia Magic Weekend to one of the most famous stadiums in the world. [89]

Anfield has been the venue for many other events. During the mid-twenties, Anfield was the finishing line for the city marathon. Liverpool held an annual race which started from St George's plateau in the city centre and finished with a lap of Anfield. [81] Boxing matches were regularly held at Anfield during the inter-war years, including a number of British boxing championships on 12 June 1934 Nel Tarleton beat Freddie Miller for the World Featherweight title. Professional tennis was played at Anfield on boards on the pitch. US Open champion, Bill Tilden, and Wimbledon champion, Fred Perry, entertained the crowds in an exhibition match. In 1958, an exhibition basketball match featuring the Harlem Globetrotters was held at the ground. [90]

Non sporting events Edit

Aside from sporting uses, Anfield has been a venue for musicians of different genres as well as evangelical preachers. One week in July 1984, the American evangelist Billy Graham preached at Anfield, attracting crowds of over 30,000 each night. [81] Anfield was featured in Liverpool's 2008 European Capital of Culture celebrations: 36,000 people attended a concert on 1 June 2008, featuring The Zutons, Kaiser Chiefs, and Paul McCartney. [91] Live concerts made a return to Anfield in the Summer of 2019, with Take That, Bon Jovi and Pink performing. Take That lead singer Gary Barlow, a Liverpool fan, brought out a guest vocalist, Gerry Marsden, and they sang the club's anthem “You'll Never Walk Alone”. [92]

The highest attendance recorded at Anfield is 61,905, for Liverpool's match against Wolverhampton Wanderers in the FA Cup fifth round, on 2 February 1952. [93] The lowest attendance recorded at Anfield was 1,000 for a match against Loughborough on 7 December 1895. [94] The highest average attendance of 53,112 was set for the 2016–17 season. [46]

Liverpool did not lose a match at Anfield during the 1893–94, 1970–71, 1976–77, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1987–88, 2008–09, 2017–18, 2018–19 and 2019–20 seasons. Liverpool's longest unbeaten streak at home extended from January 1978 to January 1981, a period encompassing 85 games, in which Liverpool scored 212 goals and conceded 35. [93] The club's longest unbeaten home run in the league is 68 games, which occurred from April 2017 to January 2021. [95] Liverpool's worst losing streak at Anfield is six games in 2020–2021 with games played behind closed doors during the COVID-19 pandemic. [96] The most consecutive league wins at Anfield is 24, this is the longest run in English top-flight history. It was accomplished across the 2018–19 and 2019–20 seasons. [97]

The stadium is about 2 miles (3 km) from Lime Street Station, [98] which lies on a branch of the West Coast Main Line from London Euston. Kirkdale Station, about 1 mile (1.6 km) from the stadium, is the nearest station to Anfield. Fans travelling by train for matches may book direct to Anfield or Goodison Park, changing to the Peoplesbus Soccerbus service at Sandhills Station on the Merseyrail Northern Line. [99] The stadium has no parking facilities for supporters, and the streets around the ground allow parking only for residents with permits, although there are a small number of passes that can be allocated to over-65s. There are proposals under consideration for reinstating passenger traffic on the Bootle Branch, which would cut the distance from the nearest railway station to about 0.5 miles (1 km). [100]


The Spion Kop: See the origins and history of Anfield’s famous stand

The words ‘Spion Kop’ have a long history associated with Liverpool, and it began well before that famous terrace was constructed it began well outside the continent, even.

The Boer War in South Africa is where the story starts, back in 1900.

The British Army fought to capture a hilltop, and 300 men perished in the attempt, most of whom were from Lancashire and many from the city of Liverpool itself.

That hilltop’s name was, of course, Spion Kop — or Spioenkop in South African.

Ten thousand soldiers and the hill itself, 1,500 feet tall, stood between the regiment and their target town, Ladysmith.

The hill was ascended, but the morning brought a new problem: another hill, even higher, from which the Boer army opened fire on the British Empire regiment.

They were unable to dig deep trenches due to the rock formation of the land, leaving hundreds incapable of escape or survival.

The claim is that survivors from that battle ended up christening the new stand at Anfield, built in 1906, Spion Kop in memory of their fallen comrades.

Even today, the origins of that name and the true nature of where it came from can be heard on the terraces, with the Kop singing ‘Poor Scouser Tommy’ with regularity though the song doesn’t refer directly to that battle, it speaks of a fallen soldier and a Liverpudlian who comes from the Spion Kop.

The word “spioen” in Afrikaans means “spy” or “look-out”, and “kop” means “hill” or “outcropping”.


Kingsbury Ordnance Plant’s history won’t fade with time

By Natalie Pritz, LaPorte High School student

Just off U.S. 35 is an area once known as the Kingsbury Ordnance Plant. Some people drive past the entrance every day. Some people hunt, fish, or use the shooting range. But how many LaPorteans really know the rich history of the Kingsbury Ordnance Plant?

In 1940, the United States War Department chose this area of the county to build munitions for use in World War II. Before the decision, this land was used for farming and was known as a town called Tracy. The government bought out the land and moved Tracy’s residents to a new area to then be named New Tracy.

Jim Heinold, owner of Heinold Industrial Property in Kingsbury Industrial Park, which sits on property once part of KOP, said this area was chosen as the ammunition production center for many reasons.

“It’s close to center of the heartland and away from the water of the coasts. The Japanese and the Germans had submarines to attack our shores, so here we were away from waters.”

Throughout World War II, munitions were produced at the Kingsbury Ordnance Plant. They were transported from the KOP by railroads to the East Coast, the West Coast and the Port of New Orleans to be shipped out to our troops.

After the war ended, the plant was shut down by the government, but in the early 1950s it was reopened for ammunition production for the Korean War. After the Korean War was over, the Kingsbury Ordnance Plant was officially shut down and sold off.

Today, part of the property is now known as the Kingsbury Industrial Park and part as the Kingsbury State Fish and Wildlife Area.

When driving or walking through the old KOP, it is nearly impossible to miss the fenced-off pieces of land with the “contaminated area” signs. Heinold stated these parts of the land were used as “burning fields and test areas.” In 1970, contractors were hired to clean up these contaminated areas. All necessary medications can be ordered online, including generic viagra. Even with millions of munitions produced, Heinold said it would be “very, very rare” to find an unexploded shell in the areas.

From the KOP’s beginning in the 1940s, building ammunition for World War II, to the property today, housing companies such as Waste Management of LaPorte, the Kingsbury Ordnance Plant property will be forever stitched into the fabric of LaPorte County’s history.

“This is a very history rich area and people need to be aware of it,” said Heinold.

111 Responses to “Kingsbury Ordnance Plant’s history won’t fade with time”

There are areas out there that have lots of unexploded ordinance. My friend used to work for a company on the property there and he said every winter when the ground would start freezing they would hear explosions as the ammo is compressed.

It’s really nice to see the KOP remembered. Doing genealogy research, I found that my grandparents met while my grandfather was working at the KOP. I would love to know if there are any employment records maintained somewhere. Thank you for this article.

It’s unlikely the plant was reopened in 1959 for the Korean War, which ran from June 1950 to July 1953. Perhaps you meant 1950?

The KOP reopened in 1951, and was officially sold off in 1959.

Just thought I would let you know one tiny mistake you made. The Korean War was from June 1950 to July 1953. The plants were reopened in 1951 until 1953.

My great-grandmother also worked in the munitions factories/bunkers. I would love to see current photos and to know if there were records maintained as well.

I would also love to know which parts are accessable for visiting and photographing. The KOP is part of my family history, and I do not want to lose it. Just finding information online has been hard enough. Thank you for any reply received.

I will be going to the shooting range again soon and will see what I can discover.

me and few of my friends just actually went out to where it was to explore cause we heard it was haunted and found a few buildings it was really interesting… didnt discover much haunt just hit a few warm spots where the temp went up a few degrees

I would like to learn more about KOP, especially the re-opening during the Korean War. My father is found in the City Directory as an employee of KOP. One interesting story he told me was about Charlie Finley.

During breaks and lunchtime, many of the employees would play cards like Pinochle and Euchre. My father was no exception and he played cards mant times with Charlie. It was during this time that Charlie became ill and ended up in the hospital. He did not have health insurance and was fearful of financial future. He ultimately devised a plan where employers were responsible for health insurance of their employees. And the rest is history!

I used to use Casteel for our steel castings. More than once we heard explosions where a deer stepped on “something”. There are still areas (well marked) that are dangerous.

but in 1959 it was reopened for ammunition production for the Korean War.

My father worked at the KOP as a steam pipe fitter until 1945. We lived in Kingsford Heights in a 3-bedroom, 2-bath government owned home. The address was 389 Chattfield Road. I think I recall the rent was $43.50 a month (or close to that). It was NEW and it was great. The war ended and we moved to Norman, OK where my father worked at the North Naval Base in the same capacity. In 1946 we moved to Lindsay, OK and he helped drill the discovery oil well in the Lindsay field. Lots of pleasant memories of Kingsford Heights, Indiana.

If anyone does find out if there are employee records stored somewhere I’d be VERY interested in looking up some of my relatives that worked there.

I used to live in La Porte for 30 yrs. During that tme I used to work at KOP industrial park for New Plant Life,Ireco Chemical and Dankert Farms.I been all over that place even in contaminated areas.All that I ever found was thousands of 20mm shell casings hundreds of spent 20mm rounds in all kinds of deformation and a field of some kind of exploded detonators. They were half inch round quarter inch wall by 4 inches long and were opened on the end like a cartoon rifle barrel that had been plugged by bugs bunny.That place had a test fire pit everything was tested there my grandfather told me, he worked there during WWII. All the explosions everyone hears now and then is the fireworks company that is still there.They test alot I know New PlantLife is right by them.Ireco was way out back in the high explosive bunkers these are the biggest in KOP there are others for fuses and detonators much smaller, we made explosives there, they connected 3 together side to side they are almost 75 yds. apart.Ireco is no longer there. I used to haul the leftover ammonium nitrate from manufacturing to the local grain elevator for fertilizer in Kingsbury.It was quite a site when Fisher-Calo blew up. Chlorine storage amongst other bad stuff in 55 gal. drums and bigger stuff went up high into the air. Speaking of bad stuff grandpa said at shift changes and cleanup all dirt and some powder gets washed right out the door with water and they wiped equipment down with pure acetone.It is really clean there after 60 years.The military and the EPA have done cleanup there alot and part of it is used for national guard training.

I would like to know a few more details about your post. Please send me an email if you have time.

sorry don’t look here often just a very interesting place. I hear they have a ‘FEMA’ camp there. if I still was there I would find out believe me.

My father worked at the Kingsbury Ordnance Plant during WWII. We lived in LaPorte when I was a little kid. I would like to find out if there are records, photos, historical accounts, etc. connected with this plant. I would like to find out more about what my father did there.

Daniel R. Stice, LTC US Army (Retired)

I was assigned there as a Major in the Army Reserve and a Dept of Defense Civilian employee from 1977
through 1989. My position was with a USAR School. I was also the Kingsbury Reserve Training Area Facilities Manager. This was my favorite assignment during my 25 years of military service.

I lived in Kingsbury from 1954 to 1973 and remember never going near there because of the army reserve having guards posted at the entrance. We would pass by there on our way to go swimming at the pond.

i have been exploring out ther a few time and there isnt much left in the buildings just grafiti and dust but is a very fun place to explore just dont get cought because we went at night oncw and then left and came back but there were sirens goin off then just stopped out of nowhere

My name is Noël Claessens, of The Netherlands, and I life in Maastricht. I have adopted the name of a soldier who died in WW II/ His name is Lacy Collinsworth. He died on july 25th 1943. It is possible that Lacy worked in this factory. Perhaps his parents worked her: Marshall and Myrtle Collinsworth.
If anybody knew Lacy or his parents, of relatives of there’s, please contact me! I want to have contact with persons who knew Lacy.
Thank yoy very much! Noël.

Hello, a little update. Marshall is actually Walter Collinsworth, and he died in 1931. Myrtle’s maiden name was Marshall. Walter and Myrtle had 9 children: Lacy, Edward, Haywood, Chester, Marvis, Wanata, Geneva and Dallas. Is is very much possible that Myrtle and her daugters worked in this plant. Does anybody knew one of the nine children of Myrtle Collinsworth? If you do, please contact me at: [email protected] thank you very much!

NoËl Claessens, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Noel. Magoffin County Kentucky is publishing a series of volumes honoring veterans of the county. I have written an artical on the life of Lacy Collinsworth. I am not a descendant but I know a descendant of Lacy Collinsworth’s sister. If you email me at [email protected], I will send you the email address. Bob.

When I was a the National Archives II in College Park, Maryland, this year, I saw some photos of the KOP on file. It appears the number of photos was very limited but there were some photos of people at work in the facilities. I was looking for photos of the rail network, but did not find any.

My mother worked at Kingsbury in 1942. We lived in Niles, Michigan on 2nd Street next to Niles Laundry. I was 9 years old and little sister JoAnn was 5 years old. Times were really different then…I “baby-sat” my little sister, a 9 year old caring for a 5 year old. It was frightening to hear grownups talking about how dangerous it was working at Kingsbury as, “It could blowup”! At 9 years old I was also responsible to fix the dinner meal. With dinner fixed Jo and I would sit on the curb in front of our apartment building waiting and waiting, watching every car coming down the street. I remember being on the verge of tears as time seemed to stand still and then what a relief when that familiar car pool vehicle came into sight. Don’t know what mom did, she just mentioned black powder?? I would appreciate hearing from anyone who might remember my mother and what her job was. With the name Turtle being so different perhaps it will help, e-mail me at [email protected]

My Grandfather worked at Kingsbury Ordnance Plant and he had said those UFO reports in the 50’s are real, I won’t go into the rest of the story you wouldn’t believe it.

My father worked and was killed at Kingsbury Ordnance Plant on August 31,1943. His name was Noah Carpenter. If anyone has any information how I can find the details I would appreciate it. I have no information at all. We lived in Culver,In at the time. Thank You,[email protected]

I apologize for this late response. I have been sick for a while. Please contact me! You can mail me at: [email protected] I am very interested in Lacy Collinsworth, and what you know! I ou are very honored to get in touch with you. Perhaps you can help me! Thank you very much thanks!

Noel Claessens,
Maastricht,
Holanda

To John A.S. I am very interested in the stories can you please type them?

i would be very interested in finding out all the history around kingsbury and the stories from the people who worked there or their relatives u can email me with the stories or the history at [email protected]

I was Born in Laporte in 1950. I remember when I was 2-5 yrs old hearing explosions as they would set off unused amunition and used gun power. Mom and Dad both worked there. They told alot of stories about workers scrapping the gun powder kettles and sometimes they would catch an explosion. I now live in Buchanan, have not seen Laporte in 35 yrs.

This is the most interesting piece I’ve read about the KOP. My father, Budd Myers, worked for Kingsbury from 1942-1945. He wasn’t on the line, however, but was sent on road trips to Arkansas and Missouri to recruit workers (female) for the plant. He helped these women (and probably some men) with travel arrangmenets on the right train to take them to northern Indiana. He recalled one woman who forgot her ironing board at home and wanted to go back and get it. Dad went to a nearby hardware store and bought her an ironing board. I was a young girl during the war, but I recall he was often away for three weeks at a time on these trips.

Both of my parents worked at KOP and it is there that they met during WWII before Dad was drafted. I was told that Dad worked at the Fire Department and Mom and my Grandmother worked on the line. My Great Aunt was secretary for the doctor there. Mom always said that she and Dad met over a vat of TNT. Later they lived in Kingsford Heights. Are there employment records available to verify these family stories? Does anyone recognize the names Jacobsen, Covert or Seglem?

My great grandfather was fire chief @ KOP. Donald Early was his name. My mother may remember the names because she spend a lot of time at KOP. If I remember correctly, my great grandfather lived in one of the big homes at KOP.

My great grandfather was the fire chief at KOP. I have several pictures of him there and the fire engine. In one of them there is a fox and a dog in the fire engine. He was my grandmothers father. Is this Kerry Z?

Yes, this is Kerry Z. Who is John?

Could you please contact me? My email is:
[email protected] or n.claessens @ kpnplanet.nl.
Should anyone have information and / or a photo of Lacy Collinsworth, please contact me. Should anyone have the email address of Bob Whittaker, leave a message. You would really help me in my search for a picture of Lacy Collinsworth. I appreciate every help and information on price! Obrigado!

Sinceramente,
Noel Claessens,
The Netherlands.

My mother, Eleanor Wahlin, worked at the KOP in the early 40’s. I was 8 or 9 years old and we lived in Walkerton, in what I can best describe as temporary duplex houses. The railroad tracks were just behind our house and I can vividly remember the flat cars loaded with tanks rolling by. I also remember us kids going around with our wagons collecting papers and scrap metal for the war effort. Another thing we did was collect the pods from milkweed plants. I guess they were used in life jackets. I would appreciate hearing from anyone who lived in that housing project during that period of time.

I came across a production schedule dated September 30, 1956. My grandmother has gone into a nursing home and I was going through some old papers she had saved. It mentions two people in the report: W.E. Pendergast and M.P. Roberts, with my grandma being the one whom prepared the report. It says it was the Loading and Small Arms plant. Kind of interesting, I didn’t realize that the KOP was such a big deal. She has so much history, I wish now I had found this before and had talked with her about it before her memory had started to go.
Kim from Michigan

Ive always known about the area but have been exploring the area alot latley. Some of the older buildings are accessable without no tresspassing signs. I would like to ask to anyone who knows, after the military moved out i heard that alot of chemical factories moved in. In the 70’s before the EPA monitored stuff there is word that lots of acid and chemicals where dumped into the ground. Is this true?

I was told my grandfather, Albert F. Reichmann, a Civil Engineer, was responsible for the steel work for the KOP. He was with American Bridge Company, Division of U.S.Steel Corp.

I lived in what was called the circle( the current two story white houses) from 1948 to 1954. It was a great place for us as children although a little restricted. I remember Mike King (the fire chief) would let us climb the hose drying tower at the main firehouse. There are so many memories of K.O.P. that I could go on for hours.

My father grew up in the circle but I don’t remember what years those were. I remember hearing stories of my father & uncle going hunting & being ornery all over out there. I remember having circle picnics & Fourth of July celebrations among many other holidays our there. My grandparents were Chauncy “Pat” and Genevieve “Gene” Pattengale. I would be interested in hearing from anyone who grew up with my father & uncle.

I’m considering purchasing a home that is located in the circle and just found out about the history of K.O.P. It has been told to me that these original homes were built for Army officers, possibly generals. Do you have any information on these circle of homes?

Shannon Cookson Rosenblatt

My father was Lt. Col. U.S. Army, teaching ROTC at Note Dame, and was given housing at the KOP circle. There were no generals then as I remember from 1952 to 54, but certainly could have been during WWII. Would guess rather for “field grade officers”.

Did you purchase a home? Having no luck finding any pix of the homes.

We recently purchased a home on the circle. It was owned by Mr. & Mrs. Walter Cotton. After the military left the property abandoned for 7 years Mr. Cotton purchased all the homes and the property. The homes on the circle are beautiful. We’d love to hear from anyone who may have lived in the homes on the circle during the 1940’s.

I have a very old “chest” from my dad from WWII. I just discovered that Kingsbury Ordnance is written on the bottom. I have kept it as it was special to him. Is it important memorabilia? Or just sentimental to me? Obrigado.

Sue, I would certainly hold on to the chest. WWII was a very important time in American history. I have extensively explored KOP since about 1986 when there was a lot more to see than there is now. I’ve researched KOP at the LaPorte Historic Museum and found letters from workers at KOP. these letters touched my heart as working conditions were absolutley terrible. Frostbite resulting in loss of extremeties was common as well as accidental explosions that claimed many lives. I have collected some small artifacts from KOP and hold them dear to my heart to remember all of those who gave their lives during WWII. I would sugest that you either keep the chest or donate it to the LaPorte Historical Museum so other people can view it. I certainly would like to see it! Items like your chest are getting to be very rare and should be preserved.

My Mother and Uncle worked there during the War years. Are there any employment records to research for their names, etc?

Oi! Were you able to locate any employee records from the KOP in 1942? I’m interested in a man names James Wright who was a guard at the KOP in Dec. of 1942.

I was wondering if there are any bunkers and buildings that I can walk into I would love to see them and look T what it was like back when the plants were running. I was also wondering if it was true about the FEMA coffins at kingsbury

My 99 year old (still living) grandmother worked at that plant. We have a few photos of some of the crews at that time

My father was killed at Kingsbury Aug 31,1943. His name was Noah Carpenter. If you have any pictures or information of that time I would appreciate it.
thank you

I am doing research for a book a am writing about the history of my family. Wicker is my Mother’s maiden name. The family migrated from Kentucky to Indiana to work at the plant in 1941. My Grandpa, Edgil Wicker helped to build the homes for the workers before he went into the plant to work. Like everyone else, I would like to know if there are any records of employees that could be located.I live in northeast Indiana now. I will check back for comments from any of you with information. Obrigado

I am doing a family tree for younger members of my family. My grandfather, Francis A. Ross, was the man in charge of the plant during WWII, or at least that is what the few letters I have from him indicate. Does anyone have any information/ work rosters to verify this?

I just found this interesting site. I worked at KOP from 2/1951 to 2/1956. Started as a mechanics helper, then a bus driver, then an Asst. Transportation Foreman. As Asst.Foreman, I worked topside (the “Y” area) and also at Bldg. S-4-2. My bosses were Jim Hopple and Bob Barker. I am still in touch with Barker who lives in Cheyenne,WY. Hopple died in the 1970’s or 80’s. Another KOP’er and I became friends and owned an airplane together. I’m still in touch with him also. He lives in Louisiana. KOP was a wonderful experience for me, and I have so many fond memories of it Inciidentally, I was born in Haskells ( LaPorte County),, but left there in 1930 only to return after I was discharged from the Navy.

The Heinold family purchased the “S’ area in 1964 at the GSA auction. Building S-4-2 is on our property. We are going to celebrate 50 years of owning the property in April next year 2014. I was probably the first person to enter building S-4-2 in its original condition as left after the closing of the plant after the Korean War. We took out the office partition wall’s and used the building as our Egg Processing Plant [Switching from Shells to Egg Shells] The other buildings were used to house poultry, chickens and turkeys. The poultry operation was terminated in 1976 and all the 45 buildings in ” S” area were re-purposed to Heinold Industrial LLC still owned by the Heinold Family to this day and 100% occupied by a variety of industrial tenants. I could share other post GSA Sale experiences of the KOP for 1964 to today

Hi Chuck, Jim Hopple was my fiance’s favorite uncle and he died of a Pulmonary Embolism in 1972 at age 48, at the time he was superintendent of the Culver Military Academy Grounds Dept. in Culver, IN. He knew he worked at KOP after losing his leg to a landmine in the Battle of the Bulge. He was told uncle Jim was a postmaster but he would love to to find out more about what he did there. He really loves reading about military and Indiana history. If you do see this post, please contact him at [email protected] and his name is George Hopple Jr. Thank you.

I have many good memories of working inside the KOP. I worked as the Agent for the four railroads that served the facility. I was not restricted in where I could go within the 10,000 or so acres and took advantage of watching defective/obsolete ammo being “burned”. Ammo was buried several feet deep and then covered with heavy lumber “mats”. The concusion was felt by my wife in our apartment in LaPorte!! Also, it was fun to watch 20mm ammo being tested. Chuck Smith and I became fast friends during that time as we both had offices in S-4-2. Before moving from IN to LA I fequently flew over the KOP property and enjoyed the memories of good people to work with.

David & Chuck. Do you remember the RR switch board with the track and lights on it?? I sold it to a RR collector in Niles MI. Do not know his name, it was a large signal board and may still be in the Niles MI area. I have one RR red crossing light. Use to have buckets full of 20 mm casings and unarmed heads but gave them all away except for a few. Still have one 105 mm shell. They were every where on the property when we first moved in in 1964. My first office and shop was in “S-5-2” Converted “S-4-2” into our Egg Processing Plant in 1966. Property is still in the Heinold Family and I an the general manager. Will have owned the property 50 next year 2014.

Jim–=I have no recollection of the signal board you referred to. My time there was not as employed by KOP. I was the Agent for the four railroads serving KOP and had nothing to do with the internal transportation network. My function was to requisition railcars from the serving RR’s, fill the orders for rail cars as requested by the various shipping foremen and, to take care of all the paperwork involved. KOP provided transportation for me and I had to chance to move all over the facility inspecting loaded rail cars, delivering the Bills of Lading to the railroad offices off the plant site. Great job. I enjoyed it a lot and have memories of some super people who worked there.

P.S. to the above comment. Actually, it must have been 3 railroads. The Nickel Plate Road, the Baltimore and Ohio and the Grand Trunk Western. I has been a long time ago and my memory can’t come up with a fourth railroad

The Wabash was the fourth. It ran along the northern border in an east west direction. the end points for that line were Chicago on the west and Montpelier on the east. A question for you Mr. Rabbit Did the Wabash and GTW interchange traffic within the KOP facility? The Wabash crossed the GTW west of KOP on a bridge above the GTW and it does not look as though the two rails had a direct connectiong at the crossing.

Mark–Thanks for reminding me which railroad I was missing!! No, there was no interchange of traffic within the confines of KOP. My home railroad was the NKP and the job I had was Joint Representative for the 4 serving railroads. Great job and I made a lot of friends there.

My mother Arline Fry, told me her aunt called her one morning when KOP was just opening. Auntie said,get ready fast Trudy and I (auntie’s best friend) are coming for you right now. Told my mom we are going to get one of those jobs!

Mom said she was put on the line making bullits. She said she almost lost her chance while training, but a kind suppervisor, a woman,told her she new she could learn. Mom was scared she wouldn’t make it , but finally she learned.

My mother had married very young, I’m not sure where she met her first husband or how long they were married. I think her parents were very opposed. I did find a pic of Mr.Fry many years latter and I always remembered the name. I think he was in uniform then. He stood like a soldier at ease with legs apart and hands behind his back.

I do know mom met my father Homer Allen at KOP. My mom was young tiny and very pretty. She sang and played the gitar and was offered work in Chicago on WLS raido. Mom told me she thought it would be bad for her to leave home alone,and stayed in Michigan City IN with her parents where she was born.

My father Homer Allen woked in some kind of supervisory position. My mother said he was forman over the line. Dad came from Knox IN. He had many brothers from a family of 17 children! I never heard any talk of what they did in the war. I do kow dad was exempt untill the end of the war when he was then shipped to France. He too had been married and was supporting four children.

On an odd side note: In 1976 my fiancee and I were driving on a side street in michigan city one afternoon in Aug. Our wedding date was set for mid September. We noticed a nice older RV marked for sale so we stopped and ended up buying it on the spot. The odd thihg was the owner was none other than my mother’s first husband. I knew who he was right away but I did not say anything about mom.

Reading this sight has been very interesting for me as my parents would not talk about their experiences. Maybe it was somewhat frighting for mom.

Dad died in 1972, mom remarried and her third husband died in 2010. He was 10 years younger than mom and served in the korean war. Mom is 90 now.

I too would love to see any records or pics from KOP during WII. I have always been interested in what my family’s life was like back then.

I remember living in Kingsford Heights 1977-79 and that there was an explosion at that plant. I remember walking home from school and some guy on a megaphone was driving through Kingsford Heights yelling out that we needed to evacuate immediately. I can’t seem to find any information on that incident. Just curious as to what really happened as it has been a memory that I’ll never forget.

that would have been the Fisher-Calo plant explosion/fire It was quite a mess. I got married the next day and two of my groomsmen were county police officers and missed the wedding.

One of the above comments gave me an idea. How about starting a KOP ” family tree”. Probably not many of us KOP workers left, but it would be interesting to see how many we could get listed.


Kop - History

Fred M. Moore, Jr. Union Grand Council Knights of Pythagoras

The period around 500-600 B.C. was extraordinary for the number of men whose thought would profoundly affect the world from that time forward.

In India, Prince Siddhartha was becoming the Gautama Buddha. In China, it was the time of Lao-tse and Confucius. In the western world, it was the time of Pythagoras.

In our modern perspective on "history", everything before Plato and Aristotle is murky, and even semi-mythic. We tend to see everything before the rise of Periclean Athens as primitive an arrogant and fallacious perspective. Pythagoras, some seven generations before Plato, was a philosopher/scientist in a line of teaching already thousands of years old, the Orphic tradition.

The major names we know from this ancient line are Orpheus (semi-mythological), Hermes Trismegistus of Egypt (legendary), Pythagoras, (historical personage), and Plato. The classic writers regarded Orpheus as the greatest spiritual master, Pythagoras the greatest scientist, and Plato the greatest philosopher in this line of teaching.

From our perspective we see the historical Pythagoras as an originator, but it would be more accurate to see him as the inheritor of a very ancient body of teaching, as is demonstrated in his own biography Most of his life was spent traveling, studying the accumulated wisdom of the ancient world from Egypt to India.

We can trace his path fairly accurately from Roman and Greek sources. Pythagoras left his birth island of Samos (in the third year of the 53rd Olympiad), at the age of 18, to spend the next 40 years studying with the greatest teachers of all schools in the ancient world. He spent 22 years in Egypt, and another 12 years in Babylon. He also studied in India, and with teachers in Crete and Sparta.

It was not until the age of 56 (in the 62nd Olympiad) that Pythagoras settled in the Italian city of Crotona. Crotona was one of the many Greek colonies around the northern Mediterranean, the autonomous cities of Magna Graecia.

In Crotona he established his Academy and its religious-scientific- philosophical-political movement, the secret wisdom school known as the Pythagorean Brotherhood. The Academy was to endure, in some form, for approximately 200 years after Pythagoras' death.

At about the same time Pythagoras married for the first time. His wife Theano was the daughter of Pythagoras' most famous disciple, Milo of Crotona, from whose house Pythagoras managed his school. (Men and women were admitted to the Academy on an equal basis, and Theano was a disciple at the Academy in her own right. Pythagoras' father-in-law and eminent disciple, Milo of Crotona, was the most famous wrestler of antiquity, winner of six Olympic Games.)

Pythagoras and Theano had seven children, four girls and three boys. After the murder of Pythagoras, Theano took over management of the Academy and one of the daughters, Damo, was entrusted with preserving, and keeping secret, her father's writings.

The Pythagorean Brotherhood was the archetypal Secret Society, whose inner teachings were available only to the initiates. It was a severe and authoritarian discipline. For the first five years of apprenticeship the applicants were not permitted to speak or to ask questions. Their teacher spoke to them from the other side of a curtain. When students, male or female, were initiated into the esoteric inner school, they joined an active dialogue "behind the curtain."

The body of Pythagorean teaching is known through the writings of others. Only two preserved letters are believed to have been directly written by Pythagoras. The wisdom of the initiates was never intended as public knowledge.

It was probably resentment of this elitist discipline of the Brotherhood that led to Pythagoras' murder at 80. The most frequent story goes that the richest, most powerful citizen of Crotona, named Cylon, applied to Pythagoras for discipleship, and was refused for reasons of bad personal character -- specifically, being "of a harsh, violent, turbulent Humor."

Enraged by the rejection, Cylon assembled a small private army. Waiting until a meeting at the disciple Milo's house, Cylo's thugs set the house afire, killing Pythagoras and forty of his disciples. This was in the 4th year of the 70th Olympiad, after Pythagoras had lived in Crotona for 20 years.

Other sources claim Pythagoras' murder was a simple political assassination, owing to the enormous political influence the Brotherhood had acquired in the colonies of Magna Graecia.


What Is the Meaning of Kop at the Liverpool Football Club?

The Spion Kop, or Kop for short, is a term used for a group of terraces and stands in sports stadiums that are occupied by hardcore fans of a team, particularly in the United Kingdom. The sports terraces at the Anfield football stadium in Liverpool were the first to be officially named as Spion Kop in 1928, but the terraces in Anfield were referred to as the Kop as early as 1906.

The Liverpool football club won its second league championship in the 1905 to 1906 season. As a reward for its fans, the directors of the club decided to construct a brick and cinder banking at the Walton Breck end of the ground. Ernest Edwards, a sports journalist writing for the Liverpool Daily Post and Echo, wrote about the new open-air embankment at Anfield and named it "Spion Kop." The official naming of the Kop coincided with the construction of a roofing over it in 1928.

The term Spion Kop was derived from the Battle of Spion Kop during the Boer War in January 1900. A local newsman noted that the silhouette of fans standing on the embankment resembled the soldiers standing atop a hill near Ladysmith, South Africa where the Battle of Spion Kop took place. Some clubs have also adopted the term Kop to refer to the terraces and stands in their stadiums.


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